Forewarned is forearmed. A fungus that causes a lot of inconvenience and is transmitted from person to person. It would seem that what could be in common between a pool, a cat, hair, intestines and a female vagina (hussars, be silent!). And, meanwhile, the places where a wide variety of fungi live are listed, which can not only cause a lot of inconvenience, but also be transmitted from person to person. A fungal infection will never go away on its own. But to go into a chronic form - easily.
Let's make a reservation right away that there are a lot of fungal infections, they are caused by a variety of fungi, and the clinical picture is sometimes not very pronounced. Therefore, in the vast majority of cases, it is required to take a scale from the skin or a smear from somewhere else in order to look under a microscope and determine which fungus is growing on you. It is quite logical that not every house has a microscope, but in a dermatological clinic it definitely is.
The kingdom of mushrooms has almost 100 thousand species. These are forest mushrooms familiar to us with legs and caps, and mold on the walls and bread, and yeast on which the dough rises, and even a rash on the body. Pathogenic (that is, capable of causing human disease) are only about 500 species of fungi.
The same applies to treatment. Mushrooms are very cheerful organisms and do not give up without a fight. To evict them, it is required to use heavy artillery in the form of special antifungal antibiotics. Only a dermatologist can prescribe and control such treatment. It is quite logical that not every house has a dermatologist...
Therefore, in the article we will only briefly touch on where and under what circumstances it is possible to collect a complete body of fungi. And what to do to avoid it.
You never know what swims there...
A classic meeting place with a fungus - Public swimming pool. Public showers (for example, in a fitness club) and baths can also be added there. There is everything necessary for the happy existence of the fungus - heat and moisture. It is enough for one sick person to bring a fungus on his feet, and the "trap" for the careless is ready. However, about carelessness a little later, first about the manifestations of infection.
Epidermophytosis of the feet - the same "itching and peeling" with which a fungal infection is primarily associated. These are the two main symptoms of the disease. When examining the legs, one can notice that the interdigital spaces are reddened and covered with small cracks. If left untreated, it will only get worse - peeling, blisters, a characteristic smell appear, in short, the legs become completely unusable.
Less often you can get rubrophytia. Here the clinical picture is not so bright, but dryness, redness and peeling have an unpleasant tendency to spread along the skin folds - up to the armpits, and in women they also climb under the breasts.
What to do in order not to get infected:
be sure to use your own rubber slippers, which after visiting the pool (bath) should be thoroughly washed with soap and water; do not stand in the shower on the bare floor barefoot; do not use other people's bath accessories; do not wear synthetic socks (stockings, golfs) and closed shoes in the warm season;If you have had athlete's foot, it is best to throw away the shoes you wore during treatment, otherwise you can get infected again - this time from your own slippers.
... then know that the fungus is also to blame. True, it is impossible to get infected with it - from birth it is present on the scalp of anyone, even a bald person like a knee.
This fungus is called "pitirosporum oval", feeds on sebum and behaves quietly and peacefully. When the schedule for the supply of fat changes - for example, with seborrhea, pityrosporum breaks off the chain and begins to multiply massively. In response to such aggression, the scalp becomes inflamed, and the epidermis (top layer of the skin) exfoliates en masse. So we get "snow", and even "flakes" on our hair and clothes.
You can quickly get rid of dandruff only in a commercial, but in reality, the process stretches for several months, while medical cosmetics and drugs have to be applied regularly.
What to do in order not to get infected
As we found out, everyone has this fungus, so our main task is to keep it within the bounds of decency. To do this, you need to monitor the scalp, choose the right shampoo and other hair care products.
The best assistant in this noble cause is a dermatologist or trichologist (specializing in hair diseases).
A cat - with lichen in the tummy
As a child, you probably heard from your mother: “Do not touch the cat, she can have lichen!”, while you wondered what kind of horror is found in such cute yard Murka, and why she should be afraid.
Lichen in medicine is a different story. There are a number of diseases caused by completely different reasons, but called lichen. So, shingles is caused by the herpes virus, lichen planus is a consequence of immune and neurological disorders, so far there are only guesses about the causes of pink lichen. Actually, there are two fungal lichens - pityriasis and ringworm (the only one that can be infected by direct contact).
The clinical picture is quite characteristic: circular lesions with raised and reddened edges form on the skin. The fungus cuts the hair in the lesion at the root, sometimes leaving 2-3 mm stumps. This is especially noticeable on the head, hence the name lichen - "ringworm".
Getting rid of an uninvited "hair cutter" is a long process, with the use of a large number of a wide variety of means, both internally and locally, in the form of ointments. If trichophytosis has nested on the head, it is necessary to cut out the foci at intervals of once a week. Provided a picture? Then carefully read the next paragraph.
What to do in order not to get infected
Never pick up and stroke domestic cats and dogs, no matter how touching they look. The same must be explained to children. If you suddenly notice ring foci on the skin in a child, contact a dermatologist immediately.
Commercial break. Cheerful milkmaid.
Through television advertising, we have learned in sufficient detail about the two main women's problems. The first is critical days, which have nothing to do with mushrooms. The second is thrush, and that's what we'll talk about.
The official medical name for thrush is candidiasis. And then it is distinguished already by localization - the process can be in the mouth, and in the intestines, and in the kidneys. It is caused by yeast fungi of the genus Candida (hence the name of the pathology). What they talk about in advertising is vaginal candidiasis.
Unlike, say, its intestinal counterpart, the vaginal variant is more unpleasant than dangerous. Burning and pain, curdled discharge (and hence the second name - "thrush") - neither to walk, nor to sit, nor to lie down in bed with your loved one. Moreover, the vast majority of women face this trouble, and many live like this all their lives - alternating periods of exacerbation and remission.
A gynecologist treats vaginal candidiasis. You should contact him - a smear should be done in any case, because often candidiasis occurs against the background of other, non-fungal infections, as well as hormonal and other disruptions. Even errors in the diet (alcohol, yeast dough products) can provoke the appearance of "curd".
Men, as a rule, do not get thrush. The exception is uncircumcised representatives of the stronger sex, who have a foreskin. They have every chance to earn inflammation of this very flesh - the so-called candidal balanoposthitis. Such a man can infect all the partners with whom he communicates, and they, in turn, will “infect” him. It turns out a kind of Candida cycle in nature.
However, nature "took care" of men, highlighting their personal fungal pathology. Inguinal epidermophytosis affects only men, women - very, very rarely. The process is localized in the inguinal-femoral and intergluteal folds, the foci tend to merge, forming a single brownish weeping array. Subjectively, men feel the same as women with vaginal candidiasis - pain, burning, difficulty walking and other activities.
What to do in order not to get infected
Personal hygiene comes first. Sponges, washcloths and other accessories must be strictly personal. It is necessary to teach a partner to wash not only after intercourse, but also before it. In doubtful cases and in the absence of a permanent partner, use condoms.
To do or not to do
Here are a few NOT things to consider in order to get rid of any fungal scourge once and for all:
Do NOT start the process. If in doubt, consult a doctor, he will prescribe the necessary tests and confirm or dispel your fears;DO NOT assume that it "scratches and goes away." A fungal infection will never go away on its own. But to go into a chronic form - easily. And then it is incredibly difficult to cure it. DO NOT self-medicate. This is especially true of the advice of an "experienced" girlfriend or a "knowledgeable" friend. It is not at all a fact that the remedy that helped them will help you. It is likely that the clinical picture will simply be smeared and go into the shadows, and then see the second NOT. DO NOT drop a heal in the middle. Unpleasant symptoms disappear pretty quickly, and the fungus feels very good for a couple of weeks. And it may well organize a second wave of offensive. Control analysis after the course of therapy is required. DO NOT indulge in sweets during treatment. Sugar is an ideal breeding ground for the vast majority of pathogenic fungi.
Author: Alex Volgin