How women were beaten in Russia

Modern girls want a man to provide, give gifts, entertain and serve them, but they are not obliged to do anything. One normal and human relationship is not enough for girls from a man. Apparently, women quickly forgot how they were treated before and climbed on their necks. But we can return everything back, if you don’t change your mind…

Stories from the flash mob “I’m not afraid to say” are just flowers compared to what happened to peasant women in Tsarist Russia.

“And only when “there is no longer to endure the urinal”, when, as they say, there is not a single living place on it, she, beaten and exhausted, often with a scythe torn out by her husband in her hands, trudges to the justice of the peace in the hope that he will protect her, if not formally, then at least with his authority, ”wrote Justice of the Peace Yakov Ivanovich Ludmer in the Legal Gazette in 1884. "No judicial institution can, within the limits of our legislation, protect a woman from bad and cruel treatment of her."

The unfortunate women went and went to Ludmer. And all he could do was put their monster-husbands in jail for a few days. Returning home, they beat their wives even harder - for daring to complain.

The statistics of the victims did not exist, because the majority suffered and were silent, taking their fate for granted.

Investigator D. Bobrov responded to Ludmer's article in 1885 in the same "Legal Bulletin". He also complained that judges and investigators had no way to protect women from arbitrariness, because the legislation did not provide for punishment for sadistic husbands. He cited as an example the history of the investigation into the case of a peasant woman who was buried as if she had died of a cold. But the daughter-in-law insisted on opening the grave. After examining the corpse, they found that half of the braid was torn out with the scalp, the sacrum was broken in several places by a heavy sharp object, the ribs were broken.

It was common that the priests agreed to bury the brutally murdered, taking the side of the husbands, and considering marriage with the supremacy of the man in everything - sacred. That is, endure at least until death, once she got married.

Even during pregnancy, the women had all the housework, threshing, planting and picking potatoes... I felt the approach of childbirth in the field, the women ran home to give birth. “Vacations to care for a child” were also not provided to them. From overwork after childbirth, almost every woman suffered from uterine prolapse. They endured to the last, and when it was completely impossible to walk, they went to the healer grandmothers. Grandmas ruled the stomach "through the pot."

Neither pregnancy nor the birth of a child saved women from beatings. They beat her because she became less agile, because she gave birth to a girl.... For not giving birth to a son, they could even be kicked out of the house. They beat me with sticks, grips, feet, fists, buckets, and just any heavy object that fell under the arm. This was called "teaching the wife the mind" and was considered completely ordinary.

“Baba pasha, baba mow, baba rake hay, baba reap, baba straighten all women's work and clean everything around the house, even chop firewood. They go to visit - a woman open the gate, straighten the horse, put the drunk to bed... A good and humane relationship with his wife is an exception for a Russian, but for non-Christians, on the contrary, ”wrote forensic doctor O. Vereshchagin.

And here is an excerpt from a letter from a peasant woman Marya Vasilievna Tatarinova, which Metropolitan Anthony handed over to Emperor Nicholas II: us, little ones, and what poverty we carried, eating almost alms, because our mother supported us with her labors, and our drunken father, who reached the point of brutality, took everything from us with beatings, force and there was nowhere to look for protection; that's how it was everywhere."

Jacob Ludmer described what he had to face while traveling through the villages. He led the reception of women who want to complain about their husband. The peasant woman Stepanova said that her husband beat her with mortal combat, so that blood was coming out of her throat, and her whole body was covered with purple spots. In addition, he took away her property, and this could already be the basis for a court hearing. Ludmer achieved reconciliation of the parties. The husband promised to return the property, not to beat his wife in the future, and to allow her to undergo treatment in the hospital. Two days after the meeting, Stepanova died in the hospital from injuries to internal organs caused by beatings.

Peasant woman Ivanova's husband bit off pieces of skin with meat from her face. And when the eldest son stood up for his mother, the husband drove the whole family out of the house. Ludmer again persuaded the parties to reconcile, and forced the husband to promise not to torture his wife again. But promises to some visiting judge meant nothing to the brutalized husbands. A week later, Ivanova tried to hang herself, they took her out of the noose, but they did not regret it, and they also flogged her for attempting suicide.

And what did the landowners do with serf girls and underage girls... It is not known what was worse, to live with a sadistic husband or to please the owner. And many endured both. The peasant was ordered: “Tomorrow go to winnow wheat, and send your wife to the master”...

A. P. Zablotsky-Desyatovsky, who, on behalf of the Minister of State Property, collected detailed information about the situation of serfs, wrote in a report:

“In general, reprehensible ties between landlords and their peasant women are not at all uncommon. Examples will show you in every province, in almost every county... The essence of all these cases is the same: debauchery combined with greater or lesser violence. The details are extremely varied. Another landowner makes you satisfy his bestial impulses simply by the power of power, and seeing no limit, goes berserk, raping young children... another comes to the village temporarily to have fun with friends, and first waters the peasant women and then forces them to satisfy both their own bestial passions and their friends..

And this is from the notes of an anonymous author: “After dinner, all gentlemen will lie down to sleep. All the time while they sleep, the girls stand by the beds and brush off the flies with green branches, standing and not moving from their place... Boys-children: one girl brushed away the flies with a branch, another told fairy tales, the third stroked her heels. It's amazing how this was spread - both fairy tales and heels - and passed on from century to century!

When the barchuks grew up, only storytellers were assigned to them. The girl sits on the edge of the bed and pulls: I-va-n tsa-re-vich... And the barchuk lies and does tricks with her... Finally, the young master began to sniffle. The girl stopped talking and stood up quietly. Barchuk will jump up, but bam in the face!.. “Do you think that I fell asleep?” - The girl, in tears, will drag out again: I-va-n tsa-re-vich... "

Those whom the Frenchman Charles Masson wrote about in his notes can be called lucky compared to the rest:

“One St. Petersburg widow, Mrs. Pozdnyakova, had an estate with a rather large number of. Every year, on her orders, the most beautiful and slender girls, who had reached ten or twelve years old, were delivered from there. They were brought up in her house under the supervision of a special governess and trained in useful and pleasant arts. They were taught at the same time to dance, and music, and sewing, and embroidering, and combing, etc., so that her house, always filled with a dozen young girls, seemed to be a boarding school for well-bred maidens. At the age of fifteen, she sold them: the most dexterous fell as maids to the ladies, the most beautiful - to secular debauchees as mistresses. And since she took up to 500 rubles apiece, this gave her a certain annual income.