How to survive a nuclear explosion

The probability of a global war has always been quite high in recent years. How to survive a nuclear explosion and survive in the event of an apocalypse?

Everyone is worried about the growing number of nuclear weapons, and it's not hard to see why.

It must be honestly said that if even one nuclear bomb is dropped on your city, or if all the nuclear bombs in the world explode at the same time, it is very unlikely that you will survive. Unlikely, but still there is a chance, so it will not be out of place for you to know what to do in the event of a thermonuclear explosion.

Well, first of all, you need to prepare. You need to discuss with your loved ones all evacuation routes. Choose a few places on the outskirts of the city where you can meet after the incident.

Set up a hiding place that you can use in case of danger. The cache should have bottled water, warm blankets, canned food, a radio and a first aid kit, especially if someone in the family is unwell. If you have a secure cellar or basement, make sure that you can easily go down there and that it has everything you need for the first time.

This is the main thing you should know about preparation, and now what to do directly during the explosion.

Stay away from the blast radius, this is the most dangerous place, no one and nothing will survive here. Even the bunker won't save you.

You must be more than 5.7 km2 from the epicenter. Avoid places that could be potential targets for a nuclear strike.

Let's say you're far enough away and you see a bright light when a nuclear bomb goes off. Do not look at the flash - otherwise you will go blind, as it will look like an artificial Sun, which is much closer than the real one. Remember, you need to move away from the flash, not look at it.

If you are in a high-rise building, run deep into it and take cover somewhere there. You'll only have a few seconds before the shock wave hits. Let's hope this building is far enough away from the explosion that it won't be razed to the ground. Stay away from windows as you may be riddled with glass shards.

Cover your ears with your hands. If the shockwave is strong enough, your eardrums may collapse and rupture.

If the building stands, you need to stay inside for several hours, perhaps even all day. Thus, you will be protected from ionizing radiation and the resulting cloud of radioactive fallout, they will not penetrate to you through so many layers of concrete or brick.

If you are not inside the building, you may have problems. If you breathe air contaminated with radiation, you will be struck by radiation sickness. The best thing you can do is to find a closed room somewhere where the air from the street will not enter. Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth. Radiation contamination is particularly difficult to avoid, but let's hope the wind blows in the other direction.

According to mathematical calculations, if you are far enough from the center of the explosion, but you are in an unreliable shelter, then it is better to run to a more protected place - you will have no more than 30 minutes for this, otherwise you are provided with a lethal dose of radiation.

After the explosion, the level of radiation will be extremely high, but a few hours after the explosion, it will decrease significantly. The outside world will still pose an incredible danger, so you will need to move on, leave the places contaminated with radiation. But while the radiation particles settle, you will have to wait at least 12 hours before leaving your shelter.

If possible, remove outer clothing such as a coat or jumper - this will remove up to 90% of the radioactive particles that have settled on you and may save you from mortal danger. Just leave the clothes somewhere or throw them in a metal container to stop the radiation.

Once you are at a safe distance, take a shower to wash away any remaining radiation particles. Blow your nose and wipe your face with a clean damp cloth.

If the explosion caught you on the street, fall prone to the ground, cover your head with your hands. It is better to take cover behind a metal object or structure, this can protect you from radiation. After everything calms down, do everything possible to take cover from the radioactive fallout.

If you survived the explosion, don't relax. You have yet to go through the post-apocalyptic landscape, confront the marauders and try to build a new society. Good luck survivor!