Development of personal qualities of a person

Surely you have thought more than once about the question of what kind of person you are and what personal qualities you have. And these are very useful thoughts, because you are your individual characteristics, actions, behaviors, and even your mistakes. And all this together affects your destiny, your place in society, and even relationships with others. The development of personal qualities of a person is the main condition for a happy and harmonious life. How can you develop your greatest strengths? The first step is to find out what "personal qualities" are, how they are formed, and what they are.

What is "personal qualities of a person"?

The personal qualities of a person are individual congenital and acquired characteristics. These include temperament, character, behavior, manners, gestures, thinking, abilities and skills. These qualities affect the attitude of the individual towards himself, others, work, hobbies. These are traits that help a person perform a variety of actions: from brushing his teeth to holding important negotiations.

It is important to understand that not everything can be changed in oneself. Temperament (a set of mental properties) is given to a person from birth, so nothing can be done with it. But you can work on the character or its individual features. For example, if a person is phlegmatic from childhood (thinks for a long time, thinks a lot, does not make sudden movements, etc.), then these “natural” features will remain with him forever. Of course, he can do everything quickly and abruptly, like individuals with a different temperament. However, this behavior is more like self-torture. Putting his life "on rewind", the phlegmatic runs the risk of not only making a bunch of mistakes, but also getting into trouble. And what can he really change in himself? For example, you can learn to plan things in advance so that you don’t be late for anything and have time for everything.

Any personal quality has its own pair. For example, there are sloths and, conversely, inveterate workaholics. Or one and the same person sometimes does not want to do anything, and the rest of the time he works "for wear and tear." That is, in his character there is both laziness and diligence. And so with all personal qualities.

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From the point of view of life in society, individual character traits are divided into positive and negative. What doesn't apply to them? The following characteristics cannot be called personal qualities of a person:

  • external (handsome, athletic, stylishly dressed, etc.);
  • emotional (charming, deep, nasty, etc.);
  • social “titles” (leader, master of his craft, guru, etc.);
  • temporary (sad, happy, irritated, etc.).

Of course, some of them can turn into individual qualities. For example, if a person constantly feels irritated, this state can become part of the character. But many years usually pass before this moment. And how does the formation of personal qualities of a person take place? Psychologists have long studied this issue.

The development of a person's personal qualities occurs in the first 5 years after his birth. The temperament of the child is manifested almost from the very beginning. Nevertheless, up to 3-4 years old, the baby feels like a part of the mother, and by the age of 5, he develops his own characteristics in character and behavior. This is associated with whims, tantrums, unwillingness to do anything, or, conversely, interest in specific entertainment, games, objects. Thus, personal qualities are born and manifested in childhood, then they continue to form until a certain age, and only after that they become permanent traits.

Of course, as you already know, an adult cannot change absolutely everything in himself. But you should not give up because of this, because the character, behavior, manners and skills are quite amenable to correction with a strong desire and desire. Therefore, even in adulthood, the development of a person’s personal qualities is not an empty phrase, but a real opportunity to make one’s life better. But before you start a long work on yourself, you need to understand what they are.

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Classification of a person's personality traits

Unfortunately, it is impossible to compile a complete list of a person's personality traits. There are too many of them, and sometimes they are specific. Therefore, only 4 main groups can be distinguished:

1. Social

This group includes personal qualities that help a person to get acquainted, communicate and build relationships with others. These include:

  • Goodwill is an open and kind attitude towards people;
  • Sociability - the desire to interact with others;
  • Responsiveness - readiness to help at any time;
  • ​​
  • Empathy - the ability to empathize and sympathize;
  • Loyalty - loyalty to one's convictions, sympathies, values;
  • Stress resistance is the ability to control oneself in the most critical situations.

These and many other qualities do not appear and are not formed in children brought up in antisocial conditions. A striking example is the "Mowgli" syndrome: kids who do not have normal communication do not become full-fledged individuals. It is difficult for them to be among ordinary people, which means in the future to build a happy life.

2. Strong-willed

Most people would like not to make efforts for their own well-being. But, alas, in life, few people are given everything simply. Every day people face some kind of problems, obstacles, tasks, which only strong-willed personal qualities help to cope with. Such features, for example, include:

  • purposefulness - a conscious and continuous movement towards solving the planned tasks;
  • courage - overcoming one's own fears in order to achieve success in any business;
  • decisiveness - instant readiness for action under any circumstances;
  • self-control - the ability to restrain oneself for the sake of achieving the goal;
  • independence - the ability to act without outside support;
  • and others.

Strong-willed qualities make a person stronger. Thanks to them, he is able to withstand the most difficult situations, overcome himself and difficult obstacles, and achieve his goals.

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3. Moral

Moral, or moral, personal qualities form, first of all, values. With the help of these traits, people understand what is significant and a priority for them. And this, in turn, affects the attitude to everything that surrounds the individual. For example, the following moral qualities can be listed:

  • humanity - love for people;
  • caring - a careful and attentive attitude towards others, nature, culture;
  • tact - knowledge of etiquette, the ability to respect other people's personal boundaries;
  • respectfulness - the ability to accept other people's views, treat them with understanding;
  • selflessness - the ability to give without demanding anything in return.

Naturally, this is not a complete list of the moral qualities of a person. The main thing to understand about moral traits is that they are the foundation of a healthy and spiritually rich society.

4. Professional

It is rather difficult to compile a complete list of professional personal qualities, since any job requires its own individual characteristics. But there are common character traits necessary for any activity. For example:

  • diligence - the ability to enjoy the result of one's work;
  • reliability - willingness to follow agreements, keeping promises;
  • competence - deep knowledge in one's professional field and the ability to apply it;
  • responsibility - the ability to be responsible for one's actions and correct mistakes made.

The described qualities come down to one thing - the ability to fulfill one's professional duties. A person who is negligent in his work will make mistakes, and sooner or later he will be offered to quit.

Also, personal qualities can be divided into negative and positive (both for the person himself and for society as a whole). What can be attributed to the strengths and weaknesses of the personality?

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Negative personal qualities

In each individual society, of course, there are prohibitions on the manifestation of some qualities. But in most cases, negative traits include:

  • aggressiveness - an evil attitude towards other people that can cause them significant harm;
  • selfishness - neglect of the interests of other people for the sake of their own comfort;
  • deceit - denying one's mistakes, hiding important information in order to obtain any benefit;
  • greed - a strong desire to take something (money, attention, love, etc.) without the need to give in return;
  • infantilism - an irresponsible attitude towards oneself, one's actions and other people, frivolous views on life in general in adulthood;
  • cowardice - the inability to overcome one's own fears either for oneself or for the sake of others, avoiding difficulties;
  • , etc.

All of the listed personal qualities have a negative impact on human behavior. For example, egoists are only interested in their own well-being and do not think about others. People around do not like this behavior, and they try to avoid such people. In the end, narcissistic individuals remain useless and spend the rest of their days in splendid isolation. So we can conclude that the negative qualities of a person are rejected not only by society, but also harm him. And what about positive character traits?

Positive personal qualities

Positive personal qualities are valued in any society. But with these traits the situation is the same as with negative ones: everything is relative. Every culture has its own requirements for "good" people. However, the generally accepted positive personality traits include the following:

  • kindness - the ability to disinterestedly give joy to others;
  • empathy - the ability to respond to the feelings of another;
  • patience - self-control, control of one's negative feelings;
  • sincerity - an honest and open attitude towards people;
  • optimism - cheerfulness and the ability to overcome difficulties, despite obstacles;
  • punctuality - regular fulfillment of one's obligations and promises on time;
  • etc.

These and other “good” traits help people build close or business relationships with others and achieve professional heights. Therefore, the development of a person's personal qualities is the first step to success, and in general to a happy and eventful life. But where do you start working on yourself?

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How to Develop Positive Personality Traits

Don't think that there are perfect people made up of only positive traits. Every person has both good and bad. But that doesn't mean you can't develop your strengths. And what to do with the shortcomings? Of course, you cannot completely get rid of your weak or dark sides of your personality, but learning to control them is real. So how do you develop your positive personality traits? First you need to take the first few steps:

The development of a person's personal qualities begins with self-knowledge. Therefore, you need to understand what your character traits can be attributed to strong. What you need to do for this:

  1. Take paper and a pen (it is better to write everything down so as not to get confused in thoughts);
  2. Think about what you do best (in work, relationships, daily activities);
  3. Reflect on your values ​​(what matters to you);
  4. Remember the people you would like to look up to (what attracts you to them?);
  5. Think about what usually influences your good mood;
  6. Compare all your reflections (is there anything unifying in them?);
  7. Think about whether there is someone in your environment who is a bad influence on you (it is better to say goodbye to these people);
  8. Ask your loved ones what they think of your character;
  9. Try to compose your self-portrait based on their answers;
  10. Think about what you don't like about yourself (which qualities you would like to get rid of, and which ones you would like to acquire);
  11. Make a list of your worst, best and desirable qualities (in your opinion);
  12. Remember that every character trait needs to be practiced daily.

These are the steps you must take first. Then you can proceed to general recommendations:

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Set yourself achievable goals

Development of any quality is impossible without a clearly defined goal. In order to correctly outline it, you need to ask yourself - how long do you give yourself for self-improvement? Perhaps you would like to develop some trait in a month, half a year or a year. This is important because you need to understand how much effort you need to put in to achieve your goal.

It may help you ask yourself, “Where do I see myself in one, two, three, five years?” Write down in as much detail as possible all the good qualities that you will acquire during this time. For example, you would like to become more responsible for the year. And this means that you will stop postponing things “for later”, you will start preparing for important events in advance, you will try to correct your mistakes in time, etc. In this way, you will break down your big goal into small tasks, and it will be easier for you to achieve it.

Be confident in yourself

The development of a person's personal qualities also includes work on one's own self-esteem. If it is low for you, how does it affect your life? First, you are unlikely to achieve the desired results. Secondly, you probably find it difficult to get to know and maintain relationships with people you like. Perhaps you feel insecure in the most banal everyday situations. All this, most likely, gives you wild discomfort.

And what is “adequate self-esteem” and “self-confidence”? This is the absence of doubts about one's personality, abilities, work results, etc. A self-confident person achieves all his goals, despite fears (which, of course, absolutely everyone has). Here's what you can do to love yourself:

  • develop your opinion on any important issue and do not look back at others;
  • learn to refuse, if you are unable to help someone, without remorse;
  • try to compare yourself to others as little as possible;
  • Develop your own sense of humor and don't be offended even by stupid jokes addressed to you;
  • tidy up your appearance (go in for sports, update your wardrobe, change your hair).

Believe me, self-confidence is the basis for any change. You yourself will feel better and happier when you believe in yourself and your own strengths. And it will become doubly easy to develop your strengths.

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Express your feelings and emotions

The ability to express emotions and feelings is associated, first of all, with the ability to self-control and self-control. But the suppression of experiences is the path to mental disorders. When you become aware of and begin to express your emotions, you will become in control of them. You will find out why you feel bad or good, and you will understand what to do about it. Therefore, do not forget to tell others that you do not like their behavior. Never accumulate feelings in yourself, because sooner or later they will find another way out. Most likely, at an unexpected moment for you.

Learn to love

In order to become a complete person, it is necessary to treat people and the world with love. How is this related? It's simple: many negative personal qualities negatively affect relationships with others, even if they are not directly related to them. For example, a lazy employee not only does his job badly, but also fails his colleagues and manager with his irresponsibility. What leads to such behavior? Only to mistakes, lower wages, and even to the dismissal of a lazy person. That is, the attitude to one's activity is reflected in everything that surrounds him. And what could change if a person treated with love everything that he sees and does? At least he would not allow himself to be a careless worker and would feel responsible for his actions.

Discover something new

This item refers to hobbies and hobbies. A person without a favorite pastime is unlikely to be able to know himself from all sides. And this, as you remember, is one of the conditions for self-development. Therefore, sit down and think carefully about what you are interested in, what you would like to do outside of work. If this is too difficult for you, start doing everything in a row. Someday you will feel that a hobby brings you great pleasure. This will be the starting point for discovering and developing your positive qualities.

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Take action

Don't read and analyze for a long time, sometimes you just need to pull yourself together and act. Learn to apply knowledge as soon as you receive it. So you will have a better chance to reinforce the new behavior and not put your changes on the back burner. Follow the rule: read - applied. And so every time.

Be yourself

Don't do anything to impress others. The development of a person’s personal qualities is not necessary in order to look “good” in the eyes of others. You won't be happier if you "appear" rather than "be." After all, firstly, you can’t please everyone, and secondly, it’s emotionally difficult to constantly change masks and not know who you really are. This will not help you find yourself and develop your strengths.

Make mistakes, but analyze your mistakes

If you have learned the lesson that you cannot make mistakes, then forget it. All people make mistakes, and this does not depend on age. It's time to change your attitude to failures, start drawing conclusions and try to change your behavior based on them. And remember that your mistakes are not all of you, but only your experience.

Never stop

Never give up, even if it seems to you that nothing is working out. Remember that it takes time to change your own personal qualities, because they have been formed in you all your life. Don't expect quick results. On average, one habit is formed per month. Now imagine how much time you need to reshape your personality beyond recognition.

Now you know what "personal qualities of a person" are. You know how they are formed and what needs to be done to develop the strongest and most valuable traits in your character. The development of personal qualities of a person is work on oneself. Striving for your own perfection is necessary not only to build relationships with others and people, but also to make you feel happy.