The Internet and television are filled with survival advice, but in reality, these actions will not help. Survival myths that would rather kill than save you in an emergency.
But surviving in the wild is not easy, and no amount of reality TV can help. Rather, it will harm, because. many of the rules of television "survival" are myths, which are often life-threatening to believe.
Next, we will talk about ingrained beliefs, in other words myths, about survival, which will rather ruin than save you in an emergency.
Myth 1: You can suck the venom out of a snake bite
In fact, snake venom enters the blood immediately, and does not accumulate at the bite site. In addition, there are many bacteria in the mouth, and you will simply add all the nasty things from your mouth to the wound. In addition, snake venom can damage the lining of your mouth and esophagus.
The best thing to do in this situation is to remain calm, not allow the heart to race, keep the injured limb below the level of the heart, and get to the hospital as soon as possible.
Myth 2: If you encounter a bear, play dead
In fact, when you encounter a bear in the forest, it is best to immediately stop and start slowly backing away from him. If this happened in your yard or in the place where you set up camp, then you need to impersonate a large object (spread your arms to the sides, open your jacket) and shout loudly. This should scare away the bear.
But in case the bear does attack, your behavior should depend on the type of bear and the attack itself. Never pretend to be dead in front of a black bear (baribal) - let's fight back.
In most cases, a brown bear or grizzly attacks only to protect themselves or their cubs. In this case, they warn, uttering a roar, and with all their appearance they seem to show - do not come near.
Slowly move away from the she-bear who is defending or defending herself. If the bear comes close to you, fall to the ground with your stomach down and, clasping your neck with your hands, lie motionless.
On the rare occasion that a bear attacks without warning (or seems to be stalking you), try to fight back in every way possible.
Myth 3: If you are lost in the forest, the first priority is to find food
This is absolute nonsense. You can go without food for quite a long time - up to six weeks.
It is impossible to specify the exact period, becauseit depends on many conditions, including your state of health. But water and a place where you can hide from the weather are definitely much more important.
Myth 4: Cactus liquid will save you from thirst
In fact, about cacti, you need to know that there is only one type of barrel-shaped cactus, whose liquid can be obtained and drink without risk to health.
But the liquid of another type of cactus contains toxins that can cause vomiting, speeding up the dehydration process.
Myth 5: Moss only grows on the north side of a tree
In fact, moss can grow on all sides of a tree, depending on environmental conditions. Do not believe this common myth, otherwise you will get lost in the forest.
Myth 6: If animals eat it, then I can
In fact, some berries and mushrooms that can eat birds and squirrels are deadly to humans.
Myth 7: If someone is cold, rub the frostbite and give them a hot bath
skin, and hot water can cause shock and harm people with frostbite or hypothermia.
You should gradually warm the cold person by covering them with blankets and bottles of warm water (put them under the armpits as well).
Myth 8: If a shark attacks you, hit it in the nose
In fact, in the water you are unlikely to be able to hit a swimming shark hard on the nose.
On the rare occasions when an attack does occur, try to keep something solid between you and the shark (such as a mask or swim board). If there is nothing at hand, try to scratch the shark's eyes and gills.
Myth 9: Swim parallel to the shore when hit by a rip current
Getting into a rip current that carries you away from the shore is terrible. Indeed, if the current takes you away from the shore, then in such a situation it is best to swim parallel to the shore.
But you need to know that such a current most often moves in different directions, and not just from the coast towards the sea. Therefore, trying not to be carried away, swim perpendicular to the current, changing directions.
Try not to waste your energy, and you will find that swimming in this way is not at all like swimming against the current. If you are unable to swim out, stay afloat as long as possible until the current loses strength or help arrives.
Myth 10: A canopy is a wonderful shelter
In reality, one or another shelter should be built, taking into account the weather conditions and the environment. In hot sunny places, shade will be your salvation, but where it is cool, a warm shelter will save you.
It is necessary to protect yourself from the wind, and also take care of a warm bedding so as not to freeze on the cold ground at night.
An awning or hut can protect you from wind and weather, but without proper bedding, it won't keep you warm enough.